Yannu Zheng, PhD candidate at CIRCLE and the Department of Economic History, will present her PhD project with a working title “The inventive performance of immigrants in Sweden and its impact factors, 1985–2007”. The final seminar is the last opportunity for the PhD candidate to present her work and receive feedback before the actual PhD defense.
Discussants: Benny Carlson and Björn Eriksson, Department of Economic History, Lund University.
Date: Monday, 7th of November, 14.15
Place: Alfa1:3004, Scheelevägen 15 B, Lund
Abstract: This thesis has an initial examination on the inventive performance of immigrants in Sweden as well as its impact factors based on a unique database that matches inventors with the entire population from 1985 to 2007. The results show that the inventive performance of immigrants vary dramatically across those with different backgrounds. This is strongly related to the selection of immigrants, migration policy in Sweden, age of migration and parents’ region of origin (impact on integration level) as well as the match of education and occupation for immigrants. In general, first-generation immigrants are negatively selected and have lower performance outcomes than Swedish-born but immigrant inventors perform as well as Swedish-born inventors. First-generation immigrants’ high concentration in low-skilled occupations and lower match between education level and occupation than that of natives is the main reason to impede their probability of patenting in majority of sectors. The only exception is the high-tech knowledge intensive service (KIS) sector, where the match for immigrants is similar as that of natives and their performance is similar. For second-generation immigrants, the selection of their foreign-born parents and their physical or cognitive proximity of region of origin to Sweden, which is affected by their parents’ region of origin, also affect their inventive performance through intergeneration transmission. In the short-run, the liberalization of migration within the EU/EEA in 1994 has negative effect on the education structure for immigrants from the EU-15 compared with those from the other developed regions, but there is no effect on the their probability of being an inventor.
Hanna Martin, PhD candidate at CIRCLE and the Department of Human Geography (KEG), will present her PhD project with the working title “Cleantech industry dynamics, innovation and regional context – biomass based industries in Sweden”. The final seminar is the last seminar before the actual PhD defence. Hanna will provide a 10-minute presentation which will be followed by the actual discussion.
Discussant: Prof. Bernhard Truffer from EAWAG, Switzerland and Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
Date: Tuesday June 7th 13.15-15
Place: Geocentrum, Sölvegatan 10, 4th floor, room ‘Malmö’
Abstract: Economic geography, innovation studies and related disciplines have during the past decade experienced an increasing interest in regional economic evolution and the question how and why regional industries emerge and grow, respectively decline, over time. The literature as it now stands however provides only limited insights regarding how a broad range of actors commonly contributes to new regional industrial path development – and especially how institutions matter, what institutions matter and at what spatial scale they matter. By addressing this gap, the dissertation aims at contributing to a more coherent conceptual framework on regional economic evolution. In particular, the regional innovation system (RIS) approach is identified as framework with potential to bring forward insights: Its strength lies in addressing innovation-based regional development by considering a broad range of innovation actors and institutions and policy; and moreover, RIS allow conceptualising regions as open, nationally and internationally connected systems. Yet as RIS possess some limitations with regard to bringing about an evolutionary perspective, the insights are complemented by the literature on socio-technical transitions. This research field targets the closely interdependent, co-evolutionary relationship between technologies and their overall economic, societal, and institutional context. Its strength lies in explaining and conceptualizing the emergence and formation of new so-called socio-technical configurations, yet with a strong notion on ecological sustainability. The dissertation empirically focusses on the endeavour of different Swedish regions to transform established, respectively build-up new, industry structures towards more environmentally friendly modes. In particular, it focusses on attempts of regional industries to increasingly replace fossil by renewable bio-based resources. The dissertation therefore also makes a contribution to better understanding the roles, possiblities and limitations of regions in the transformation towards a ’bio-economy’.
Prof. Thomas Kaiserfeld
Thomas Kaiserfeld, Professor at Division of History of Ideas and Sciences, Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, will give a seminar on “Beyond Innovation: Technology, Institution and Change as Categories for Social Analysis”, based on a recently published book.
Date: 27/01: 14.00-15.00
Place: CIRCLE, Seminar Room
Abstract: Today’s western society is obsessed with change, and more specifically technological change. Innovation is a buzzword in a number of policy areas including research policy, economic policy, and environmental policy. Beyond Innovation counter weighs this present innovation monomania by broadening our thinking about technological and institutional change. It is done by a multidisciplinary review of the most common ideas about the dynamics between technology and institutions. This book thus balances between being on one hand an introduction for students interested in different views and perspectives on technological and institutional change and, on the other, an instrument for cross- fertilization between different strands of thought and modes of analyses.
More information at: http://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9781137547101
Hanna Martin, PhD candidate at CIRCLE and the Department of Human Geography (KEG), will present her ongoing PhD project with the working title “Cleantech industry dynamics, innovation and regional context – biomass based industries in Sweden”.
Date: December 1st 14.15-16.00
Place: Geocentrum, Sölvegatan 12, Room “Flygeln”
Discussants: Prof. Susana Borrás (CBS & CIRCLE) and Prof. Jerker Moodysson (CIRCLE).
Outline: The thesis consists of an introductory part and four paper projects. The four papers are the following:
- Paper 1: Coenen, Lars, Jerker Moodysson and Hanna Martin (2015) Path Renewal in Old Industrial Regions: Possibilities and Limitations for Regional Innovation Policy. Regional Studies 49(5), 850-865.
- Paper 2: Martin, Hanna and Lars Coenen (2015) Institutional Context and Cluster Emergence: The Biogas Industry in Southern Sweden, European Planning Studies 23(10), 2009-2027.
- Paper 3: Martin, Hanna and Roman Martin. Policy Capacities for New Regional Industrial Path Development – The case of New Media and Biogas in Southern Sweden (full paper draft)
- Paper 4: Martin, Hanna. Working title: Transformation of the chemical industry in Stenungsund (paper outline)
For more information about the thesis, please contact Hanna: Hanna.Martin@circle.lu.se
CIRCLE and Birkbeck BEI School/TRIGGER are organising a networking event on “Gender, Entrepreneurship and Innovation – Exploring challenges and opportunities associated with university entrepreneurship and innovation from a gender perspective”. This event is designed to explore the various challenges and opportunities associated with university entrepreneurship and innovation from a gender perspective. The panel’s speakers will reflect on if and why changes are necessary, what changes have been introduced, the outcome of these changes, and what still needs to happen to improve gender equality.
Time: 30 november, 13:00 – 17:00
Place: AF-Borgen, nya festsalen, Sandgatan 2, Lund
Invited speakers represent entrepreneurs and inventors, as well as university management and policy makers. The diversity of speakers will ensure there are opportunities for learning for all.
- Professor Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand, CIRCLE, Lund University (Panel Chair)
- Professor Helen Lawton Smith, Birkbeck, University of London & TRIGGER Project Director
- Professor Carin Holmquist, Stockholm School of Economics
- Professor Per Eriksson, Lund University
- Helena Ljusberg, Senior Business Developer, LU Innovation Support System
- Dr Cristina Glad, former Executive Vice President, BioInvent International AB
- Dr Linnéa Taylor, WINGS (Women IN Great Sciences), Lund University
Who should come: Anyone interested in enterprise policy, gender equality and supporting women’s entrepreneurship.
Book your place: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/gender-entrepreneurship-and-innovation-ti…
Download invitation: Download Invitation (PDF)
Anna Brattström, Institute of Economic Research, Lund University, will give a seminar on “Innovative Activities and Young Firm Growth”.
Date: 29/10: 1400-1500
Place: CIRCLE seminar room
Abstract: In this paper, we untangle the role of managers’ growth willingness, innovative activities, and growth in young firms. Using a longitudinal sample of 282 young Swedish firms, we find a causal set of relationships that suggest that growth motivation affects innovative activities that in turn affects growth. Our findings highlight the importance of understanding how motivation affects behavior in young firms, thereby helping to explain gaps in the literature that focuses on young firm growth and the effect of innovation on growth. Implications for research and practice are discussed.