Category Archives: CIRCLE Seminar

CIRCLE Seminar with Prof. Marco Vivarelli on impact of Corporate R&D and Innovation on Employment

Prof. Marco Vivarelli will give a seminar based on two of his articles with title “A fotoweb-custom-size-162-170.jpgreappraisal of the impact of Corporate R&D and Innovation on Employment”.

Marco Vivarelli is Full Professor of Economics at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milano, where he is also Director of the Institute of Economic Policy. His current research interests include the relationship between innovation, employment and skills; the labour market and income distribution impacts of globalization; the entry and post-entry performance of newborn firms.

Date: 7th of June: 14.00-15.00

Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE, M213

Abstract (of one of the article to be discussed) : In this work, we test the employment impact of distinct types of innovative investments using a representative sample of Spanish manufacturing firms over the period 2002-2013. Our GMM-SYS estimates generate various results, which are partially in contrast with the extant literature. Indeed, estimations carried out on the entire sample do not provide statistically significant evidence of the expected labor-friendly nature of innovation. More in detail, neither R&D nor investment in innovative machineries and equipment (the so-called embodied technological change, ETC) turn out to have any significant employment effect. However, the job-creation impact of R&D expenditures becomes highly significant when the focus is limited to the high-tech firms. On the other hand – and interestingly – ETC exhibits its labor-saving nature when SMEs are singled out.

Practical: The seminar is held in CIRCLE Seminar Room, it is open for everyone and there is no need to register. In case you don’t have the access card for our building, please let us know (or simply ring us on the entrance doorbell). 

/Claudio Fassio ( and Polina Knutsson (


CIRCLE Seminar with Prof. Ed Steinmueller from SPRU, University of Sussex on Platforms and Standards: An Historical Perspective

Ed Steinmueller will have a seminar at CIRCLE on “Platf26086.jpgorms and Standards: An Historical Perspective”. Ed is Professor of Information and Communication Technology Policy  at SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit, Business and Management), University of Sussex. His research interests are in the field of the industrial economics of information and communication technology industries, as well as science policy and the economics of basic research.

Date: Monday May 22nd at 14:00

(please note that it is on a Monday this time)

Place: CIRCLE, Seminar Room, MNO-Huset, Sölvegatan 16

Summary: The rise in the use of standards parallels the origin of systems of mass production and the articulation of mass markets and distribution systems.  The apotheosis of these developments is occurring in the contemporary evolution of large technical systems and global value chains.  Although compatibility standards have assisted in the building of ever larger, interconnected and complex technological systems, they are also employed in efforts to devise decentralised alternative technologies and modes of organisation to these ‘megamachines’ that are more inclusive or sustainable.  Rather than being an incidental detail in technological history, since the 19th century, standards define many of the technological and market possibilities for the world in which we live.

This presentation will examine the co-evolution of standards and technological change with a focus on the contest between the centralising and the decentralising role of standards and the consequences of this contest.   The contest is evolving because, from an historical perspective, the technologies affected by standards have been subject to fundamental change and standards have, themselves, had an influence on technological change.  Three epochs in this history are identified with the second being the unusual and, in some ways, alternative pathway of Internet and modular electronic system standards which has not formed the basis for many of the newer processes of standards formation.  The new standards processes and outcomes resemble the first phase, with important differences that may merit increased attention to policy and intervention.

Practical: The seminar is held in CIRCLE Seminar Room, it is open for everyone and there is no need to register. In case you don’t have the access card for our building, please let us know (or simply ring us on the entrance doorbell). Please bear in mind that this seminar is on Monday and not on Wednesday, like the other CIRCLE seminars.

/Claudio Fassio ( and Palina Sauchanka (



CIRCLE Seminar with Lennart Stenberg, senior adviser at VINNOVA, on National innovation policy vis-à-vis global firms

Lennart Stenberg is a Senior Advisor for International Co-operation and Analysis at VINNOVA. He is an expert in research and innovation policy and will give a seminar on “National innovation policy vis-à-vis global firms – a tentative research agenda

Date: 16th of May: 14.00-15.00 

Place: CIRCLE, Seminar Room, MNO-Huset, Sölvegatan 16

Summary: What do we know about the importance and role of large firms in the Swedish innovation system? Considering that most of these firms, be they Swedish-based or foreign based, are parts of global corporate structures and global value chains, what does Sweden have to offer these firms. To what extent can national research and innovation policy influence their investments in new value creation activities in Sweden and their indirect contribution to value creation in SMEs? What kind of research is needed to answer these and similar questions?

Practical: The seminar is held in CIRCLE Seminar Room, it is open for everyone and there is no need to register. In case you don’t have the access card for our building, please let us know (or simply ring us on the entrance doorbell)
/Claudio Fassio ( and Palina Sauchanka (

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Joint seminar: Jens Sörvik on smart specialisation – implementation and possible next steps

Welcome to this joint seminar between CIRCLE & the Research Policy Institute, Lund University.

Title of the seminar: Smart Specialisation – implementation and possible next steps

Jens Sörvik

Jens Sörvik

Jens Sörvik is a researcher at the European Commission’s Smart Specialisation Platform (S3P) in Seville , supporting Member States and regions in designing and implementing Smart Specialisation strategies (S3). His main activities have been related to ICT and S3, regional collaboration in S3, Baltic Sea Region, KETs and priority setting in S3.

Jens holds a Ph.D. from the University of Lund, where he was also an affiliated researcher at the Research Policy Institute.

Date:  25th of April 2017, 11.00-12.00

Place: Circle Seminar Room
In case of questions, please, contact one of the organisers –

Joint Seminar: Giuseppe Scellato on the context factors and the performance of mobile individuals in research teams

Welcome to this joint seminar between CIRCLE & the Department of Economic History, please, note the place.

Title of the seminar: Context Factors and the Performance of Mobile Individuals in Research Teams

Giuseppe Scellato is Associate Professor at the Politecnico di Torino and is research associate of the Bureau of Research in

giuseppe scellato

Giuseppe Scellato

Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge at Collegio Carlo Alberto, Turin. His main research interests are in the area of economics and management of innovation, industry dynamics, the economic analysis of intellectual property rights and the economics of science. His recent scientific works have appeared in leading international journals, including Science, Nature Biotech, Journal of Corporate Finance, Research Policy, Journal of Banking and Finance, Journal of Business Research, Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Date:  11 of April 2017, 14.00

Place: Building Alfa1, Room 3004. Scheelevägen 15 B, Lund.
In case of questions, please, contact one of the organisers –

CIRCLE Seminar with Prof. Keld Laursen on The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation


Keld Laursen, Professor of the Economics and Management of Innovation at the Copenhagen Business School, will give a seminar on “Experience Matters: The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation”.

Date:  08/03: 14.00-15.00

Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE, M213

Abstract: Drawing on organization learning theory, we scrutinize scientists’ mobility for recruiting firms’ subsequent innovative output. Our starting point is that among firm recruits, individuals with university research experience — hired from universities or firms — can be particularly valuable. However, due to conflicting institutional logics between the academic and industrial spheres, academic scientists can be challenging to work with for firms. We suggest two responses to this challenge. One involves hiring “ambidextrous” individuals with a mix of university research and experience from having worked for a technologically advanced firm. The other response involves the recruiting firm having a strong organizational research culture as reflected in a scientist present on the top management team. Empirically, we track the mobility of R&D workers using patent and matched employer-employee data.


CIRCLE seminar with Prof. Aldo Geuna on Gender Gap in Science in Japan


Aldo Geuna, Professor of Economic Policy at the Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis, University of Torino and Fellow of the Collegio Carlo Alberto, will give a seminar on “Gender Gap in Science in Japan”.

Date: 01/02: 14.00-15.00

Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE, M213

Abstract: Women are globally underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) researcher careers. Among the major players of STEM research, Japan is marked by the largest gender gap. Drawing on cohort analyses with the population data of 97,422 STEM PhD graduates in 1985-2004 and tracing their careers up to 2012, this study shows that the overall gender gap has narrowed since the 1980s largely due to females’ higher college attendance. The probability of continuing in an academic research career has slightly increased for female PhD graduates, however, it has actually decreased in the field of Science. A lower probability of surviving for females is particularly noticeable in elite imperial universities. The paper tests if institutional social network has a moderating effect on the probability of exiting an academic research career and if the network effect is gender biased. We find that male researchers tend to benefit more than female of a male social network especially when entering the research career and at the senior level. The gender effect is particularly important and significant when we consider the network of star scientists.