Author Archives: Janna

CIRCLE Seminar with Ass. Prof. Myra Mohnen on Knowledge Spillovers among Medical Scientists

Myra Mohnen will give a seminar at CIRCLE to present her paper “Stars and Brokers: Knowledge Spillovers among Medical Scientists” 

Myra Mohnen is Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics at the University of Essex. Her research interests are in the field of Labour Economics, Innovation and Applied Microeconomics.

Date: 30th of November 2017, Thursday: 14.00-15.00 

Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE seminar room M213

Abstract: I propose a new network measure, brokerage degree, to assess the extent to which a scientist provides access to non-redundant information. It is defined as the fraction of a coauthor’s collaborators that a given scientist can only access through the co-author himself. Using the co-authorship network of medical scientists, I estimate the heterogeneity in the impact of the unexpected death of a star scientist on his coauthors’ productivity. Depending on brokerage degree, the effects on annual publications range from +16% to -34%. The decline in productivity is shown to be consistent with an increase in the cost of accessing knowledge.

Practical: The seminar is held in CIRCLE Seminar Room, it is open for everyone and there is no need to register. In case you don’t have the access card for our building, please let us know (or simply ring us on the entrance doorbell). 

Send an mail to us in case you wish to have the paper.

/Claudio Fassio (claudio.fassio@circle.lu.se)

Welcome!

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“Developing strategic frameworks for innovation related public procurement” – first report is published

Report entitled “Developing strategic frameworks for innovation related public procurement” has now been formally published by the European Commission. It can be downloaded at: https://rio.jrc.ec.europa.eu/en/policy-support-facility/mle-innovation-procurement  – please click ‘reports’.

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prof. Charles Edquist is chairing an European Union project
(A Mutualcharles-avatar Learning Exercise, MLE) on innovation related public procurement. The first report in this initiative has now emerged. It is written by Charles and has the title “Developing Strategic Frameworks for Innovation Related Public Procurement”.

This report addresses frameworks for innovation related public procurement. It focuses on four specific kinds of procurement, namely (1) direct innovation procurement, (2) catalytic innovation procurement, (3) functional regular procurement, and (4) Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP). (1) – (3) are also called Innovation-Enhancing Procurement (IEP).

The report empahasizes  the importance of functional procurement and functional specifications for innovation. Functional procurement can be defined as the procurement of products by an authority/unit that describes a function to be performed (or a problem to be solved) instead of describing the product that is to perform the function. In functional procurement, a public agency specifies what is to be achieved rather than how it is to be achieved. Functional regular procurement is pursued by means of functional specifications instead of product specifications. Hence, it is a matter of the manner in which a procurement call is set up and the tender documentation is formulated. Needs are translated into functions to which potential suppliers can respond. It opens up for innovation but does not require it. The general conclusion is that functional specification is needed for all the four different kinds of procurement addressed in this MLE. To achieve innovation through public procurement it is, somewhat paradoxically, more important to emphasize functional specification than to pursue innovation procurement.

In the 2014 EU Procurement Directives it is stated that “Functional and performance-related requirements are also appropriate means to favour innovation in public procurement and should be used as widely as possible.” Sweden is the only country where the government has developed – in 2016 – a national strategy for public procurement where innovation procurement – actually meaning functional procurement – is central. This strategy is described in some detail in the report.

Go to the report: https://rio.jrc.ec.europa.eu/en/policy-support-facility/mle-innovation-procurement  

Happy reading!

 

PhD defence by Joakim Wernberg on The Inherent Complexity of Agglomeration: Essays on the self-organization of urban economies

Joakim Wernberg, PhD candidate at CIRCLE and the Department of Human geography, Lund University, will defend his thesis with the title The Inherent Complexity of Agglomeration: Essays on the self-organization of urban economies

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OpponentAssociate Professor José Lobo, Arizona State University, USA

Date/Time: Monday 30th of October 2017, 13.00

Place: Department of Human Geography, Geocentrum I, Room “Flygeln”. Sölvegatan 10, Lund, Sweden.

Abstract: This doctoral thesis combines complexity science and economic geography in order to explore bottom-up, self-organizing principles within urban economies, in particular in relation to the flow of information and knowledge between people.Screen Shot 2017-10-27 at 20.29.08.png

The thesis consists of a kappa that covers the general theoretical framework and four papers. The papers cover urban scaling and intra-urban scaling analysis, local interactions and informational spillovers , collective information processing, productivity benefits related to city size, diversity and specialization externalities, social capital and urban interactions

 

Welcome to Joakim’s PhD defence!

CIRCLE Seminar with Assoc. Prof. Sotaro Shibayama on sustainable production of science and scientists

Sotaro Shibayama will give a seminar with title Sustainable production of science and scientists: academic training in life science labs”.

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Sotaro Shibayama is associate professor at the Department of Business Administration and research associate at the Sten K. Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship. He is an expert in the field of Economics of Science and in particular on the careers of academic researchers.

Date: 3rd of October: 14.00-15.00
Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE, M213

Practical: The seminar is held in CIRCLE Seminar Room, it is open for everyone and there is no need to register. In case you don’t have the access card for our building, please let us know (or simply ring us on the entrance doorbell). 

/Claudio Fassio (claudio.fassio@circle.lu.se) and Polina Knutsson (polina.knutsson@circle.lu.se)

Welcome!

 

Dr. Zheng, Dr. Lavesson and Dr. Fredin Congratulations!

In this summer post we are pleased to summarise the first half of this year by congratulating our three new doctors Yannu Zheng, Niclas Lavesson and Sabrina Fredin for successfully defending their PhD dissertations.

This is a great accomplishment which requires an incredible amount of hard work, all leading up to that very special moment! Your perseverance and dedication over the years have taken you there. This was a proud moment and we wish you all the best in the next exciting chapter in your life.

Yannu: How immigrants invent: evidence from Sweden

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For thesis details contact Dr. Zheng at: yannu.zheng@gmail.com or yannu.zheng@circle.lu.se

Niclas: “Rural-urban interdependencies: The role of cities in rural growth

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For thesis details contact Dr. Lavesson at: niclas@lavesson.org or niclas.lavesson@circle.lu.se

Sabrina: History and geography matter: The cultural dimension of entrepreneurship

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For thesis details contact Dr. Fredin at: sabrina.fredin@circle.lu.se

 

Enjoy your summer!

 

Final PhD seminar with Joakim Wernberg on Beyond City Size – Essays on the internal order, complexity and diversity of growing cities

Joakim Wernberg, PhD candidate at CIRCLE and the Department of Human geography, Lund University, will present his PhD project with a title Beyond City Size – Essays on the Joakim-round-300x296.jpginternal order, complexity and diversity of growing cities. The final seminar is the last opportunity for the PhD candidate to present his work and receive feedback before the actual PhD defence.

Date/Time: Wednesday 28 June 2017, 13.15 – 15.00

Place: Malmö, Geocentrum I, Department of Human Geography, Sölvegatan 10, Lund

Opponent: Martin Henning, Gothenburg University

Abstract: There is a wide body of empirical evidence that shows increasing returns to scale with city size, including more productive workers and firms, increased division of labor and more innovation. At face value, these results are attributed to the city as a whole and cities are treated as club goods. Yet, this does not resonate with the current theoretical framework underpinning agglomeration economies, nor with the growing body of empirical evidence of highly localized externalities, especially those consistent with learning or knowledge spillovers. While much theoretical effort is directed toward identifying micro-level mechanisms within urban economies, the literature is less concerned with system properties on a macro-level. In this paper, I develop a model that links empirical regularities within and between cities to complex adaptive system properties. In doing so, I provide a conceptual explanation of how individual interactions can self-organize into collective information processors.

For more information and a full manuscript please contact joakim.wernberg@circle.lu.se

Welcome to Joakim’s Final PhD seminar!

Happy Midsummer!

Are you excited about the Midsummer celebration tomorrow? Empty city centres, highest strawberry prices of the year and probably rain ;). We wish you all the best from the lovely and green country side!

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photo: swedish taste

 

PS: This video by sweden.se is a classic at this point:

Glad Midsommar!