Keld Laursen, Professor of the Economics and Management of Innovation at the Copenhagen Business School, will give a seminar on “Experience Matters: The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation”.
Date: 08/03: 14.00-15.00
Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE, M213
Abstract: Drawing on organization learning theory, we scrutinize scientists’ mobility for recruiting firms’ subsequent innovative output. Our starting point is that among firm recruits, individuals with university research experience — hired from universities or firms — can be particularly valuable. However, due to conflicting institutional logics between the academic and industrial spheres, academic scientists can be challenging to work with for firms. We suggest two responses to this challenge. One involves hiring “ambidextrous” individuals with a mix of university research and experience from having worked for a technologically advanced firm. The other response involves the recruiting firm having a strong organizational research culture as reflected in a scientist present on the top management team. Empirically, we track the mobility of R&D workers using patent and matched employer-employee data.
This week, CIRCLE welcomed the Transformative Innovation Policy Consortium (TIPC) to a two day workshop in Lund. TIPC is a consortium bringing together global actors to study the innovation systems of its respective members and to explore the future of innovation policy. The aim is to shape a new innovation policy framework in a transdisciplinary way. The consortium was launched in 2016 and is currently in its pilot phase. It is coordinated by the Science Policy Research Unit – SPRU – at the University of Sussex and its other members are research and innovation agencies from five countries across the globe – Colombia (Colombian Administrative Department of Science, Technology & Innovation – Colciencias), Finland (Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation – Tekes), Norway (Research Council of Norway), South Africa (The South African National Research Foundation), and Sweden (Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems – VINNOVA), who were all attending the workshop in Lund.
The aim of the workshop was to develop a shared understanding between policy-makers and researchers, to provide an overview of STI policy in the participating countries and to discuss potential case studies to be undertaken in the future. Presentations of recent policy initiatives with transformative elements were held by delegates from the different member institutions. These presentations spurred interesting discussions between researchers and policy-makers about commonalities across the countries and experienced problems in designing and implementing transformative policies. Case studies of different policy initiatives from each of the member institutions will be conducted during the spring and the selection of these cases was an important part of the workshop. The consortium further discussed plans for how to move forward during the pilot phase, which concludes with a conference in South Africa later this year.
2016 has been an eventful year for CIRCLE. CIRCLE researchers have published 64 peer-review journal articles, 2 books, 20 book chapters and 30 CIRCLE working papers. Academic work by CIRCLE researchers has continued making impact on academic community. During 2016, studies by CIRCLE researchers have been cited more than 10000 times. Furthermore, CIRCLE hosted the EU-SPRI annual conference with 262 participants from all over the world. More details on these and other achievements in CIRCLE Annual Report 2016. Happy reading!
The European Commission has taken the initiative to a project entitled “Mutual Learning Exercise (MLE) on Innovation Procurement under Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility”. This MLE focusses on three kinds of Innovation-enhancing public procurement (direct innovation procurement, catalytic innovation procurement and functional regular procurement) and on Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) of R&D results. The project will run during January – November 2017. The objectives of the project are:
- To create a strategic framework,
- To analyse the need for capacity building,
- To investigate the required financial incentives, and
- To develop a measurement, evaluation and monitoring system.
Prof. Charles Edquist has been asked by the European Commission to be the Chairman of this MLE, which is administered by the ‘Technopolis Consulting Group Belgium”. The other experts are: Jon Mikel Zabala-Iturriagagoitia (rapporteur), Eva Buchinger (expert) and Gaynor Whyles (expert). The project manager is Viola Peter and Xavier Vanden Bosch is in charge for the European Commission. The following 16 Member States are participating: PT, ES, EL AT, DE, FR BE, NO, SE, SL, LV, EE, LT, TK, IE and NL.
Aldo Geuna, Professor of Economic Policy at the Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis, University of Torino and Fellow of the Collegio Carlo Alberto, will give a seminar on “Gender Gap in Science in Japan”.
Date: 01/02: 14.00-15.00
Place: Sölvegatan, 16, MNO-huset, CIRCLE, M213
Abstract: Women are globally underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) researcher careers. Among the major players of STEM research, Japan is marked by the largest gender gap. Drawing on cohort analyses with the population data of 97,422 STEM PhD graduates in 1985-2004 and tracing their careers up to 2012, this study shows that the overall gender gap has narrowed since the 1980s largely due to females’ higher college attendance. The probability of continuing in an academic research career has slightly increased for female PhD graduates, however, it has actually decreased in the field of Science. A lower probability of surviving for females is particularly noticeable in elite imperial universities. The paper tests if institutional social network has a moderating effect on the probability of exiting an academic research career and if the network effect is gender biased. We find that male researchers tend to benefit more than female of a male social network especially when entering the research career and at the senior level. The gender effect is particularly important and significant when we consider the network of star scientists.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year! Thank you for a wonderful year, for joining our events and contributing to productive discussions! Creativity, Happiness and Joy in 2017!
Dr. Olof Ejermo
Dr. Olof Ejermo, an associate professor at CIRCLE, Lund University, will give a seminar on “University patenting in Finland before and after the professor privilege – what do inventor data tell us?”.
Date: 07/12: 13.00-14.00 (OBS! time)
Place: CIRCLE, Seminar Room, MNO-Huset, Sölvegatan 16
Abstract: This paper investigates the role of patent ownership by based on the case of Finland, which changed ownership rights to inventions from its employees (‘the professors privilege’) to universities. The paper uses new, highly comprehensive data on inventors and patenting in Finland analysed for the period 1995-2010. The results indicate that the reform did not have the intended consequence of boosting university patenting. On the contrary, matched sample analyses comparing university inventive activity with those from institutes and firms, suggest a small drop in researcher patenting. This result holds even when we take into account that a) exclusion of NOKIA from the university-firm comparison and b) that the reform was announced prior to implementation. Finally, preliminary analyses show that two reasons for these results were that inventors may to a higher extent have left academia as a result of the reform and that specific university funds allocated to further technology developments at Finnish technology transfer offices did not have the intended positive consequence.